On the skill development mechanism of military and civilian electronic components

Establish and improve the military-civilian communication and coordination mechanism in the field of electronic components technology At present, at the level of information channels, Zhang Sumei and Li Jie Penghao, a military-civilian coordinated development mechanism in the field of electronic components technology "Island" phenomenon. Even if civilian component manufacturers have a strong desire to enter the military market, they do not understand the complicated procedures and special regulations for bidding for military projects. Some civilian component manufacturers have good technology and good products, which are very suitable for the military market, but they are struggling to find a suitable user (military). Some companies often pay a high price for outdated information. Similarly, besides the original planned channels, the military equipment procurement department and military scientific research and production units have no other corresponding channels. They can understand which civil component manufacturers have the technology and products they need nationwide. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen the construction of military and civilian communication and coordination mechanisms in the field of electronic components technology from three aspects.

Establishing a military-civilian information exchange platform on the premise of ensuring military secrets, straighten out information exchange channels and provide an information foundation for the benign interaction between military and civilians. It is necessary to strengthen the collection and sorting of various types of electronic information technology resources including civil component manufacturers, establish a classification and classification information release system, and strengthen information exchange between the military and the localities. Establish and improve the military and civilian market competition mechanism in the field of electronic component technology In the development of military electronic component technology, we must establish and improve a scientific and effective market competition mechanism, actively carry out competition, and make full use of the entire country's scientific and technological resources. It is necessary to shorten the development cycle of military electronic component technology and increase the utilization rate of funds, but also effectively drive the development of related national industries.

There are innovations in the construction of laws and regulations. At the level of policies and regulations, "military to civilian" has many encouragement and protection policies, and the channels are unobstructed, but "civil technology and military use" cannot be followed, there are no rules to follow, and there are many obstacles. China has always insisted that the military industry is a strategic industry invested by the state and must be solely owned by the state. So far, the Chinese government has not explicitly declared that the military product market is open to the civilian population. The current policies and regulations also have many restrictions on the entry of military component manufacturers into the military product market. It is necessary to fully realize that "civilian technology and military use" is conducive to the establishment of an innovative mechanism of "integration of military and civilian, combining military with civilian", is conducive to accelerating the national defense and military modernization, and strengthens military and civilian coordination in the field of electronic components in practical work The development of laws, regulations and systems requires the use of "civil technology military"

There are clear laws and regulations to enable some large and medium-sized private enterprises that have grown up in the course of reform and opening up, have strong economic and technological strength, and are fully equipped to participate in military research and production capabilities, and can successfully obtain a "pass" to enter the military market. Not turned away. At the same time, there must be innovation in the tax system. It is necessary to gradually enable civilian component manufacturers, especially private enterprises, that undertake military tasks to enjoy the same policies as military industrial enterprises, so that they are in an equal position in the fierce competition in the military market.

To have an advanced market awareness and emphasize the particularity of the military market, at the same time, it is necessary to allow some civilian products to enter the military market according to different products, especially the industry with strong military and civilian versatility, such as electronic components. The current status of product design, testing and production gradually eliminates the “barriers” that exclude civilian high-tech resources from entering the military market, promotes the progress of research and production of military equipment products and the process of civilian-to-military transition, makes full use of the market, and promotes the sharing of resources between military and civilian parties.

We must have a corresponding concept of effectiveness. The military industry department must resolutely resist the ideology of relying on others, relying on, and relying on, strengthening scientific research capabilities, learning advanced technology and management experience of private enterprises, and using mature civilian products to reduce costs and enhance their competitiveness. At the same time, since military tasks are mostly multi-variety and small-batch, they cannot constitute large-scale development and large-scale production, have low benefits and high risks, and should establish the necessary compensation mechanism to enable some private enterprises to voluntarily undertake military tasks.

Take a deep breath, close your eyes, the world has the freshest oxygen ... Yu Quan's "Deep Breath" is well known to us, but as the environmental problems become more and more serious, the haze sky also increases, PM2.5 PM10 and so on Vocabulary has also been mentioned more and more, and air purifiers have quickly become popular on the market with this "air quality" trend. Along with this, the air-clean brand has sprung up, and various technologies are dazzling. Which ones are indeed effective and which are just tasteless propaganda? How does the Air Purifier bother us to get rid of pollution? And look at the editors for you.

Analysis of air purifier

The critical value of PM2.5 content is 75 Î¼g / m3

The pollutants in the air mainly include soot, total suspended particulates, inhalable particulates (PM2.5) and fine particulates (PM10). The smaller the diameter of the particulates, the deeper the part that can enter the respiratory tract. 10 micron diameter particles It is deposited in the upper respiratory tract, and particles below 2 microns can penetrate 100% into the bronchiole and alveoli.

1k-5k air purifier prices vary greatly

The air purifier products on the market not only have various functions, but also have prices ranging from thousand yuan to tens of thousands. The pricing of imported products is generally higher than that of domestic brands. Except for the core technology of many brands, the promotion of purification effects is similar, and consumers need to choose according to demand.

The air quality standard of 74 key cities is only 4.1%

According to the data of the press conference held by the State Council Information Office on June 4, according to the new "Ambient Air Quality Standards", the six pollutants SO2, NO2, PM10, PM2.5, CO and O3 were evaluated, 74 new standards In the first phase of monitoring and implementation, the proportion of cities that met the ambient air quality standards was only 4.1%, and the other 256 cities implemented the old air quality standards, and the proportion of cities that met the standards was 69.5%.

Air purifier sales increased by 90.5% compared with last year

According to a report recently released by the China Electronics and Information Industry Development Institute, due to the haze weather, air purifiers have become the most concerned home appliance products, with sales of nearly 2.4 million units nationwide last year, a year-on-year increase of 90.5%; retail The amount reached 5.6 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 105.9%.

HEPA filter needs to be replaced in March

The filter of the air purifier is the same as the filter of the water purifier, and it is not effective for a long time. After long-term use, the accumulation of dust on the surface of the filter will also cause the filter to gradually fail. Therefore, when the haze is more serious, the non-washable HEPA filter needs to be replaced every three months.

Merchants claim that the purification rate is more than 99% for the concept of stealing

99% or even 99.99% seems to have become a slogan for many air purifiers on the market. Many brands of products promote their high removal rate of PM2.5 and formaldehyde. In fact, this kind of publicity is more of a kind. The slogan of stealing the concept, the removal rate of 99% is the effect of the material itself on PM2.5 and formaldehyde, not the effect of actually running in space.

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